The action when you look at the Close Relationships – Modified survey (ECR-R; Fraley ainsi que al

The intention of this research is to try to check out the the relationship ranging from accessory so you’re able to pet, connection to those, loneliness and you can social assistance, examining dog and cat customers as the utmost well-known dogs possessed because animals. The next hypotheses is advised:

step 1. Demographic variables like pet owner sex and type of pets commonly dictate the strength of dogs-proprietor connection. Also, almost every other possible important demographic details, like traditions venue, dogs pointers, duration of ownership would-be examined.

dos.Users having large ratings toward size of reduction and/otherwise stress (in line with the ECR-R survey) are certainly more connected with its pets.


Users have been 365 puppy owners (268 puppy and you will 97 pet customers), old anywhere between 17 and you may 68 years (M=28.4; SD=9.33). Among them 330 was basically female and you will 35 male. Regarding 128 members who happen to be people who own each other variety, most (N=109) decided to answer the questions regarding its canine, and simply 19 with the cat.


, 2000) are an excellent thirty-six-items care about-report adult accessory measure. ECR-R includes one or two subscales: prevention and you may nervousness. The combination off results into the both proportions means various sorts of connection (Bartholomew Horowitz, 1991). Fraley ainsi que al. (2000) advertised coefficient alphas regarding .94 towards the anxiety subscale and you may .95 towards the protection subscale predicated on a keen student try.

Brand new Multiple-Dimensional Support Scale (MDSS; Winefield et al., 1992) steps brand new availableness and you can adequacy of social help out-of some supplies (family, nearest loved ones, and you may associates). MDSS comes with mental, basic and informational assistance. In the current check out the availability and you can adequacy out-of personal assistance just from relatives and you will nearest family unit members was basically incorporated. A maximum of 10 so you can forty factors should be scored towards the new Accessibility Size, goods are ranked on a good cuatro-section Likert Level (1-never ever, 4-always). New Adequacy Measure range out-of 10 to 31 affairs, in which step 1 suggests increased curiosity about social service, 3 a lesser notice and you will 2 form the person are satisfied into gotten societal service. In the current research coefficients for inner feel varied ranging from .83 (Adequacy Scale; Cronbach’s Leader) and you may .87 (Accessibility Measure; Cronbach’s Leader).

The dog owner-animals Relationships Level (OPRS; Winefield mais aussi al., 2008) include factors derived from the brand new accessory theory and concentrates on the new customer’s desire to look after proximity so you can pet along with his or the woman impression of one’s relationship as emotionally supporting and shared. It provides fifteen products which is actually rated for the a measure out of step one so you’re able to 4, with the exception of item #3 in which True was scored 4 rather than real is actually scored 1. The product range was thus fifteen-60. Players whom own several creature was basically expected to determine solutions with respect to the dogs they experienced closest so you’re able to. In today’s investigation the newest coefficient getting interior consistency was .85 (Cronbach’s leader).

Brand new Differential Loneliness Level (DLS; Schmidt Sermat, 1983) is utilized to measure the fresh new feelings of starvation and you may dissatisfaction having particular public relationship. It is split up into five scales with regards to the form of relationship: family members, love, loved ones, and you can neighborhood. It has sixty situations regarding the presence regarding a relationship, approximation or avoidance, cooperation or even the degree of assistance, regard, and you will communication. The general level possess a high Kuder-Richardson Algorithm 20 internal surface (over .89), having subscale rates more than .70 (Schmidt Sermat, 1983).

Group factual statements about users (intercourse, decades, life place, and relationship updates), pet pointers, and you can duration of ownership was including added to these forms.


Programming language PHP and you can MYSQL database administration possibilities were utilized to own performing and you may publishing new questionnaires and automatically get together study into the on line mode, away from . The fresh picked questionnaires was in fact wrote into several Slovenian internet online forums, mainly those people meant for animal lovers. We plus called the fresh new Feline pub Ljubljana so you’re able to give new survey to help you its members. Fully accomplished surveys was in fact needed for delivering the individuals answers. There were no time constraints.

Share this post on: